Explore more from this episode More Ninety miles off the tip of Florida lies a Caribbean isle shaped like a crocodile. There are caves full of bats and their wily predators, snakes. The republic covers more thansquare kilometers, about the size of Virginia. Cuba includes a patchwork of habitats, from fields and swamps to mountains and forests.
The ancestors of the Ciboney migrated from the mainland of South America, with the earliest sites dated to 5, BP. When Columbus arrived they were the dominant culture in Cuba, having an estimated population ofSpanish colonization and rule — Main article: Captaincy General of Cuba After first landing on an island then called GuanahaniBahamason 12 October Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships: Other towns soon followed, including San Cristobal de la Habanafounded inwhich later became the capital.
Gonzalo Perez de Angulo was appointed governor of Cuba. He arrived in Santiago, Cuba on 4 November and immediately declared the liberty of all natives.
But what was most important was that the colony developed as an urbanized society that primarily supported the Spanish colonial empire. By the midth century, its colonists held 50, slaves, compared to 60, in Barbados ;in Virginiaboth British colonies; andin French Saint-Dominguewhich had large-scale sugar cane plantations.
The British arrived on 6 June, and by August had Havana under siege. The British immediately opened up trade with their North American and Caribbean colonies, causing a rapid transformation of Cuban society. They imported food, horses and other goods into the city, as well as thousands of slaves from West Africa to work on the underdeveloped sugar plantations.
Pressure from London sugar merchants, fearing a decline in sugar prices, forced negotiations with the Spanish over colonial territories. The treaty gave Britain Florida in exchange for Cuba. The French had recommended this to Spain, advising that declining to give up Florida could result in Spain instead losing Mexico and much of the South American mainland to the British.
They were afraid because of the prospect that slaves might revolt in Cuba, too, and numerous prohibitions during the s on the sale of slaves in Cuba that had previously been slaves in French colonies underscored this anxiety.
The planters saw opportunity, however, because they thought that they could exploit the situation by transforming Cuba into the slave society and sugar-producing "pearl of the Antilles" that Haiti had been before the revolution.
In the Aponte Slave Rebellion took place but it was suppressed. Its economy was based on serving the empire. In addition, there was a high demand for slaves, and Virginia planters sold many in the internal domestic slave trade, who were shipped or taken overland to the Deep Southwhich had greatly expanded its cotton production.
Independence movements See also: On 27 Decemberhe issued a decree condemning slavery in theory but accepting it in practice and declaring free any slaves whose masters present them for military service. Two thousand Cuban Chinese joined the rebels.
Chinese had been imported as indentured laborers. A monument in Havana honours the Cuban Chinese who fell in the war.
The aim of the party was to achieve Cuban independence from Spain. Brigadier General William Ludlow Cuba, AroundSpanish troops outnumbered the much smaller rebel army, which relied mostly on guerrilla and sabotage tactics.
The Spaniards began a campaign of suppression. General Valeriano Weylermilitary governor of Cuba, herded the rural population into what he called reconcentrados, described by international observers as "fortified towns".
These are often considered the prototype for 20th-century concentration camps. American and European protests against Spanish conduct on the island followed. The cause and responsibility for the sinking of the ship remained unclear after a board of inquiry. Popular opinion in the U.
Over the previous decades, five U. Under the Platt Amendmentthe U.Leading Newspapers Three national periodicals circulate in Cuba. The newspaper with the largest circulation is Granma, which since its founding in has served as the official news organ of the Communist ph-vs.com other two national publications are Juventud Rebelde and Trabajadores.
The balsero crisis (named after the makeshift rafts or other unseaworthy vessels used by thousands of Cubans) constituted the most significant wave of Cuban illegal emigrants since the Mariel Boatlift of , when , left the island.
Title. Cuba and Porto Rico, with the other islands of the West Indies; their topography, climate, flora, products, industries, cities, people, political conditions, etc.
ph-vs.com is a resource provided by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. IMPORTANT: Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal ph-vs.com our disclaimer for details.. Before participating in a study, talk to your health care provider and learn about the risks and potential benefits.
Cuba is composed mostly of limestone, a soft, porous rock that easily erodes. As a result, the island is honeycombed with caves and has the highest density of caves of any place on earth. Beginning in , Spanish conquistadors began plundering the New World for their ph-vs.com such as Ponce de Leon, Fernando Cortes, and Coronado began exploring regions surrounding the Gulf of Mexico.
As they found treasure, a "quinto" (Spanish for one-fifth) of their earnings were sent to the king.