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|Chapter 1 General Introduction John Richard Sageng, Hallvard Fossheim, and Tarjei Mandt Larsen Over the last decade, computer games have received growing attention from academic fields as diverse as engineering, literary studies, sociology and learning studies.|
Leaving the Distant Church 19 Support is seen to be falling, and yet the number of those who declared in that they never go to church is markedly lower than in any previous survey.
Sporadic attendance is probably no greater than before; it is more likely that in many felt the need to point out that they did not care at all for the church. Byhowever, there were fewer respondents who were completely negative, even though they probably did not attend services any more often than in In fact, a number of indicators point to the figures as showing a genuine increase in support for the church.
The relationship in Denmark between the church and the people is, for better or for worse, far less close than under the absolute monarchy of previous centuries. Even then, compulsory churchgoing could at most ensure a show of Christianity from the individual.
There is no doubt, however, that the end of autocracy was the decisive factor in the secularization which characterizes the relationship between church and people today.
There are two important aspects of this secularization.
First, liberation from the church came about through a succession of movements - the revivalist movement, cultural radicalism, the labour movement, the youth rebellion, women's liberation, all of which left their mark, partly because there truly were a number of oppressive church mechanisms to dismantle.
In the days of state-church autocracy, one either accepted compulsory religion or tolerated it; otherwise, as Grundtvig stated, "in the end no one could become an adult without being sent to prison.
There have, though, been certain recent trends which have suggested 20 Leaving the Distant Church that while competing religions may not have filled the spiritual vacuum left by the non-vitality of the Folk Church, Danes may be turning to certain quasi-religious and mystical philosophies in order to fill the void.
Twenty five years of secularization and decrease in personal religious observance has recently given way to an alternative religious or spiritualistic upsurge.
Certain of the features accompanying this wave seem to have become a permanent part of the Danish internal landscape, particularly the self-centered belief in one's own self-sufficiency and ability to depend on oneself alone.
I think, therefore I am, said Descartes. Before him we might reasonably have said, Cognatus ergo sum: I am known by others, I belong to a place, and therefore I exist. But in today's world, this no longer holds true. The feeling that all the significant things in life happen inside oneself seems to have taken root in the Danes, so that wherever they turn for help with their lives, the criterion is always, "Does it work for me, do I get good vibrations from it?
Does it touch me so that I feel I am alive? Interest in New Age is particularly marked among both younger and mature women in Denmark Gundelach and Riis Characteristic of these women is that due to their Lutheran background, they have integrated certain elements of the Lutheran doctrine of salvation into their New Age religious observance.
For example, in an interview in the mid s the Danish writer Elsa Gress characterized her religious experience as follows, in words recalling the idea of Divine Grace, albeit without Christ: You receive it as a gift.
Or rather it is there all the time, but you are closed off from it Sometimes you suddenly receive a pair of binoculars or this hearing aid, and you hear the heartbeat in there in Leaving the Distant Church 21 the big uterus boom, boom, boom Use of and contact with the Folk Church One should not conclude from the foregoing that the Folk Church has been completely abandoned; there are still many vital, if not frequent, interactions between the Danes and their church.
To understand the nature of this relationship one must examine how the Danes use their church and what level of contact they maintain with it.
The following statistics, rounded to the nearest whole number, are from and January 1, see Table 3. No statistics exist distinguishing between members and non-members with regard to participation to church ceremonies.
Therefore, we do not know precisely how many non-members nevertheless marry in church or are buried with clergy in attendance. We do not know either how many Folk Church members are not confirmed in spite of having passed the traditional confirmation age of A rough estimate would be 3 percent, orStatistics on the use of the Folk Church are based on percentages of the entire Danish nation, a holdover from the era when membership was nearly universal see Table 4.
The average Dane thus remains in contact with the church at the four traditional crossroads in life. This, however, reveals only the most minimum contacts between church and people.It is a space dedicated to confusion and diversity, which required taking measures to stop the decline of the main stream media and to demarcate the online medium.
Quandt underlines the fact that there is a major interest in being active in digital media, but also to massively study the field, with a far less reduced interest for traditional.
the philosophy of computer games wait for the chapter 3 we are not yet finish. es, urbanisation, polarisation reversal and counterurbanisation, and various sub-stages were identified. These phases. Iceland: Reykjavik. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online.
my analysis sought to reconstruct and explore the historical. May 11, · The Frankfurt School: Conspiracy to corrupt By Timothy Matthews Michael Minnicino observed how the heirs of Marcuse and Adorno now completely dominate the universities, ‘teaching their own students to replace reason with ‘Politically Correct’ ritual exercises.
Steve Joshua Heims, the author of the semi-official history of the Macy.