The corresponding calm was to facilitate meaningful economic and technological growth in most nations of the world. Unfortunately, these expectations have not been realised, as the world began to experience new form of conflicts, more complex and devastating. The 2 gulf wars andthe Yugoslavian civil war, the war in Kosovo, Afghanistan and the multiple ethnic wars in Africa. These wars are among the conflicts which ended with massive destruction of lives and properties along with gross violations of human right.
Causes and Prevention Essay introduction.
The corresponding calm was to facilitate meaningful economic and technological growth in most nations of the world. Unfortunately, these expectations have not been realised, as the world began to experience new form of conflicts, more complex and devastating.
The 2 gulf wars andthe Yugoslavian civil war, the war in Kosovo, Afghanistan and the multiple ethnic wars in Africa. These wars are among the conflicts which ended with massive destruction of lives and properties along with gross violations of human right.
Kornblum stresses that the post Cold War proliferation of local conflicts have strained the resources and credibility of governments and international community almost to a breaking point.
These conflicts have dampened the initial euphoria and raised doubts about the present strategies for conflict management and resolution.
The situation has became more critical with the breakout of inter and intra-state conflicts that resulted in the death of millions and an upsurge of refugees and displaced people.
These conflicts lacked appropriate management at global and regional levels. They have resulted in the collapse of the Somalian state, genocide in Rwanda and an unending circle of violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo DRCBurundi, Sudan and Angola to mention but a few.
Basically, conflict is seen as a state of opposition. It is said to exist when individuals or groups express different views, interests or goals, and perceive their views as incompatible. In the last decade, Africa has witness more armed conflicts than any other region in the world; increasingly, the conflicts have taken a regional character especially along the Great Lakes Region.
The wars involved a quarter of the continent and accounted for more than half of the entire war related deaths world wide, while leaving almost 8 million refugees around the continent. The African conflicts, most of which are still on going, are threatening the stability of the continent.
Many countries within the continent are still being afflicted by wars since independence. Apart from massive destruction to lives and properties, the conflicts have also created an upsurge of refugees within the region.
These have contributed in no measure to the underdevelopment of the continent. The causes of conflicts in Africa are many and they frequently reoccur. The precarious position of African states is brought into sharper focus vis-a-vis the globalisation of the rest of the world.
It is such concerns for peace and stability in the continent that led to the creation of the African Union formerly known as OAU.
|Development aid to Africa negligible in comparison to illicit outflows July 16, And yet another report on how development aid to Africa serves as a mere smokescreen to cover up illicit financial flows, unfair trade policies and costs of adapting to climate change that drain the continent of its resources.|
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InSADC inaugurated the Defence and Security Cooperation organ with the mandate for preventive diplomacy and conflict resolution. This requires preventing occurrence of disputes, restricting existing ones from escalation, and resolving on-going conflicts.
However, the rhetorical enthusiasms for prevention and management have not been matched practically. Often, political sensitivity ensures that, a developing conflict is kept out from the agenda of international and African regional organisations until it is sufficiently manifest.
Considering the enormity of the damage caused by conflicts in Africa, it is most important to prevent crisis early enough from escalating into violence.
Preventing a conflict is much cheaper for the international community, it saves lives and property from destruction, prevent refugee crisis, and above all avert the spread of violence into neighbouring states.
It is against this background that this paper is written. The purpose of the paper is to appraise the causes and how to prevent armed conflict in Africa. The paper will first discuss concepts of conflict. Secondly it will assess the causes as well as the effect of armed conflicts on the continent.
Thirdly, resolution action and management in past conflicts will be considered. Finally, preventive action and methods for promoting coherence and sustainable development would be discussed. The aim of this paper is to examine the causes and prevention of armed conflicts in Africa with a view to making recommendations.
In the past few years, efforts at interpreting African conflicts have generated heated debates. Recent study of the dynamics underlying some of the violence has resulted in a number of theories.ARMED CONFLICT BANE OF AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT: CAUSES AND PREVENTION By Colonel JJ OGUNLADE NIGERIAN ARMY INTRODUCTION 1.
The end of the Cold War between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America (USA) was expected to usher in relative peace, security and stability globally.
From Peace to Practise: Strengthening UN Capabilities for Prevention and Resolution of Armed Conflict, International Peace Academy Policy Report, New York, Nwokedi E, African Security: Issues and Problems in the s to the Next Millenium, Lagos, Report of the UN Secretary General on Prevention of Armed Conflicts, New York, Poverty and Development in Africa.
including low investment in health and education and pressing conflict issues, experienced by governments and citizens of poor countries in Africa.
(allAfrica) Decades of underinvestment in rural areas, hundreds of armed conflicts, HIV and high fertility rates turned Africa from a net food-exporter in. Armed Conflict Bane of Africa's Development: Causes and Prevention Essay ARMED CONFLICT BANE OF AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT: CAUSES AND PREVENTION By Colonel JJ OGUNLADE NIGERIAN ARMY INTRODUCTION 1.
Impact of Conflict Feb Conflict and Development casualties from armed conflict were civilian • population displacements: forced migration, people fleeing to avoid violence or recruitment or looting of family assets – lost economic investments and earnings, reduced access.
Conflict and Crime in the Society: A Bane to Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria Ayuk, greatness and development.
Across Nigeria and Africa the world has witnessed manifested in incessant armed robbery attack, rape, arson, child labour etc., and the attendant effect on the nation.