Published online Apr 8.
Enter terms How effective are strategies to improve the way health and social care professional groups work together? What is the aim of this review?
The aim of this Cochrane Review was to find out whether strategies to improve interprofessional collaboration the process by which different health and social care professional groups work togethercan positively impact the delivery of care to patients.
Cochrane researchers collected and analysed all relevant studies to answer this question, and found nine studies with participants. Key messages Strategies to improve interprofessional collaboration between health and social care professionals may slightly improve patient functional status, professionals' adherence to recommended practices, and the use of healthcare resources.
Due to the lack of clear evidence, we are uncertain whether the strategies improved patient-assessed quality of care, continuity of care, or collaborative working.
What was studied in this review? The extent to which different health and social care professionals work well together affects the quality of the care that they provide.
If there are problems in how these professionals communicate and interact with each other, this can lead to problems in patient care. Interprofessional collaboration practice-based interventions are strategies that are put into place in healthcare settings to improve interactions and work processes between two or more types of healthcare professionals.
This review studied different interprofessional collaboration interventions, compared to usual care or an alternative interventionto see if they improved patient care or collaboration.
What are the main results of the review? The review authors found nine relevant studies across primary, secondary, tertiary and community care settings. Most of the studies were well conducted, although some studies reported that many participants dropped out.
The studies evaluated different methods of interprofessional collaboration, namely externally facilitated interprofessional activities e.
Externally facilitated interprofessional activities may slightly improve patient functional status and health care professionals' adherence to recommended practices, and may slightly improve use of healthcare resources.
We are uncertain whether externally facilitated interprofessional activities improve patient-assessed quality of care, continuity of care, or collaborative working behaviours. The use of interprofessional rounds and interprofessional checklists may slightly improve the use of healthcare resources.
Interprofessional meetings may slightly improve adherence to recommended practices, and may slightly improve use of healthcare resources. Further research is needed, including studies testing the interventions at scale to develop a better understanding of the range of possible interventions and their effectivenesshow they affect interprofessional collaboration and lead to changes in care and patient health outcomes, and in what circumstances such interventions may be most useful.
How up to date is this review? The review authors searched for studies that had been published to November Given that the certainty of evidence from the included studies was judged to be low to very low, there is not sufficient evidence to draw clear conclusions on the effects of IPC interventions.
Neverthess, due to the difficulties health professionals encounter when collaborating in clinical practice, it is encouraging that research on the number of interventions to improve IPC has increased since this review was last updated.
While this field is developing, further rigorous, mixed-method studies are required. Future studies should focus on longer acclimatisation periods before evaluating newly implemented IPC interventions, and use longer follow-up to generate a more informed understanding of the effects of IPC on clinical practice.
Read the full abstract Poor interprofessional collaboration IPC can adversely affect the delivery of health services and patient care.
Interventions that address IPC problems have the potential to improve professional practice and healthcare outcomes.
To assess the impact of practice-based interventions designed to improve interprofessional collaboration IPC amongst health and social care professionals, compared to usual care or to an alternative interventionon at least one of the following primary outcomes: We handsearched relevant interprofessional journals to Novemberand reviewed the reference lists of the included studies.By trusting one another, respecting and working together for a common goal, interprofessional collaboration can easily be achieved in healthcare.
This collaboration does help to improve patient care and safety and even implement plan of . Three consistent themes emerged: (1) value in the opportunity to work with students from different professional schools, (2) the value of learning and practising specific communication skills in a supportive environment and (3) value of practising skills within an interprofessional team.
Using appropriate literature this paper will attempt to examine the ways in which interprofessional working can improve the quality of health care.
In delivering health care, an effective teamwork can immediately and positively affect patient safety and outcome. The need for effective teams is increasing due to increasing co-morbidities and increasing complexity of specialization of care.
By trusting one another, respecting and working together for a common goal, interprofessional collaboration can easily be achieved in healthcare. This collaboration does help to improve patient care and safety and even implement plan of care and discharge plan.
Health professionals tend to work autonomously, even though they may speak of being part of a team. 29 Efforts to improve health care safety and quality are often jeopardized by the communication and collaboration barriers that exist between clinical staff.
Although every organization is unique, the barriers to effective communication that.