Substance abuse and the effects of treatment within different groups

For example, results from Monitoring the Future survey, a nationwide study on rates of substance use in the United States, show that It is an eclectic concept having only one uniform connotation: The Commission believes that the term drug abuse must be deleted from official pronouncements and public policy dialogue. The term has no functional utility and has become no more than an arbitrary codeword for that drug use which is presently considered wrong.

Substance abuse and the effects of treatment within different groups

Has signs of a possible heart attack, such as chest pain or pressure Has any other troublesome physical or psychological reaction to use of the drug Staging an intervention People struggling with addiction usually deny that their drug use is problematic and are reluctant to seek treatment.

An intervention presents a loved one with a structured opportunity to make changes before things get even worse and can motivate someone to seek or accept help. An intervention should be carefully planned and may be done by family and friends in consultation with a doctor or professional such as a licensed alcohol and drug counselor, or directed by an intervention professional.

It involves family and friends and sometimes co-workers, clergy or others who care about the person struggling with addiction.

During the intervention, these people gather together to have a direct, heart-to-heart conversation with the person about the consequences of addiction and ask him or her to accept treatment.

Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Like many mental health disorders, several factors may contribute to development of drug addiction.

The main factors are: Environmental factors, including your family's beliefs and attitudes and exposure to a peer group that encourages drug use, seem to play a role in initial drug use. Once you've started using a drug, the development into addiction may be influenced by inherited genetic traits, which may delay or speed up the disease progression.

Changes in the brain Physical addiction appears to occur when repeated use of a drug changes the way your brain feels pleasure. The addicting drug causes physical changes to some nerve cells neurons in your brain. Neurons use chemicals called neurotransmitters to communicate. These changes can remain long after you stop using the drug.

Risk factors People of any age, sex or economic status can become addicted to a drug. Certain factors can affect the likelihood and speed of developing an addiction: Family history of addiction. Drug addiction is more common in some families and likely involves genetic predisposition.

If you have a blood relative, such as a parent or sibling, with alcohol or drug addiction, you're at greater risk of developing a drug addiction. Using drugs can become a way of coping with painful feelings, such as anxiety, depression and loneliness, and can make these problems even worse.

Introduction

Peer pressure is a strong factor in starting to use and misuse drugs, particularly for young people. Lack of family involvement. Difficult family situations or lack of a bond with your parents or siblings may increase the risk of addiction, as can a lack of parental supervision.

Using drugs at an early age can cause changes in the developing brain and increase the likelihood of progressing to drug addiction. Taking a highly addictive drug. Some drugs, such as stimulants, cocaine or opioid painkillers, may result in faster development of addiction than other drugs.

Smoking or injecting drugs can increase the potential for addiction. Taking drugs considered less addicting — so-called "light drugs" — can start you on a pathway of drug use and addiction.

Complications Drug use can have significant and damaging short-term and long-term effects.

Substance abuse and the effects of treatment within different groups

Taking some drugs can be particularly risky, especially if you take high doses or combine them with other drugs or alcohol. Here are some examples. Methamphetamine, opiates and cocaine are highly addictive and cause multiple short-term and long-term health consequences, including psychotic behavior, seizures or death due to overdose.

GHB and flunitrazepam may cause sedation, confusion and memory loss. These so-called "date rape drugs" are known to impair the ability to resist unwanted contact and recollection of the event. At high doses, they can cause seizures, coma and death.health and safety code.

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National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): Features information on drug . Addiction Among Different Races. Jump to Section: Substance Abuse. Different races may view substance abuse and treatment differently, and facilities offering care for mental health and substance abuse should therefore be culturally sensitive in order to provide optimal results.

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Drug Abuse and Addiction: Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms of Drug Addiction