Two million fall victim of child abuse in 2002

Physical abuse[ edit ] Among professionals and the general public, people often do not agree on what behaviors constitute physical abuse of a child. This includes hitting, beating, kicking, shaking, biting, strangling, scalding, burning, poisoning and suffocating. Much physical violence against children in the home is inflicted with the object of punishing. Corporal punishment involves hitting 'smacking', 'slapping', 'spanking' children, with the hand or with an implement — whip, stick, belt, shoe, wooden spoon, etc.

Two million fall victim of child abuse in 2002

Policies[ edit ] Advice to members[ edit ] The Watch Tower Society has published information on how to protect children from sexual molestation, such as the articles, Protect Your Children in the October 8, edition of Awake!

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These articles focus on prevention, and do not specifically state that a child or its parents should contact the police in the event of molestation.

They also suggest that, in some countries, "the legal system may offer little hope of successful prosecution. The Society maintains that this two-witness policy is applied solely to congregational discipline and has no bearing on whether a crime is reported to the authorities in countries where this is mandatory.

Sincestatements by two victims of separate incidents by the same perpetrator may be deemed sufficient to take action and impose internal sanctions.

DNA evidence, medical reports, or information from forensic experts or police that proves sexual abuse may possibly be accepted as a valid "second witness", [24] [25] [26] however critics [23] argue that, without mandatory reporting for all accusations of abuse regardless of the local laws, such evidence could remain undetected.

Elders are encouraged to treat persons reporting this type of memory with kindness, but not to pursue the case unless further proof is found. Anyone found to have sexually molested a child, based upon the criteria established by the organization, and deemed by the elders to not demonstrate sufficient repentance is disfellowshipped from the congregation and shunned.

Sex offenders are still permitted to participate in the congregation's house-to-house preaching. According to the Watch Tower Society's spokesperson, J. Brown, such ones are only allowed to preach when accompanied by a responsible adult.

Moreover, he cannot be a pioneer or serve in any other special, full-time service. Commenting on the effect of these restrictions, Jehovah's Witnesses' legal representative, Mario Moreno, stated that these restrictions alert members that the individual "lacks spiritual maturity.

The October 1, letter to elders states, "the branch office, not the local body of elders, determines whether one who has sexually abused a child is considered a known child molester" and adds, "It cannot be said in every case that one who has sexually abused a child could never qualify for privileges of service in the congregation.

If so, the elders receive proper legal direction to ensure that they comply with the law. The congregation will not protect him from this. The New York Times commented: In the Jehovah's Witnesses, where congregations are often collections of extended families and church elders are chosen from among the laypeople, some of those accused are elders, but most are congregation members.

The victims who have stepped forward are mostly girls and young women, and many accusations involve incest.

Inthe Watch Tower Society of Britain, in discussions with the UK Charities Commission, undertook to produce a Child Protection Policy and update its procedures to bring them into line with other religious and secular bodies. In FebruaryChristianity Today printed an article reporting allegations that Jehovah's Witnesses' policies made reporting sexual abuse difficult for members, and did not conform to typical treatment of such cases.

The article also included a response by representatives of Jehovah's Witnesses. When the girl eventually went to the police, her father was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison. Brown, Jehovah's Witnesses are not required to report crimes to elders before calling civil authorities.

Victims and their families are free to call police, he said, although some don't choose to.

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Elders are instructed to "leave matters in Jehovah's hands" if an abuser denies the accusations and there is no second witness available. The commission was established by the federal government in to investigate how institutions such as schools, churches, sports clubs and government organizations have responded to allegations and instances of child sexual abuse.

Their "case studies showed that it was a common practice of religious institutions to adopt 'in-house' responses when dealing with allegations of child sexual abuse.

The hearing was told that in response to a summons issued by the commission, the Watch Tower Society had produced documents including case files relating to allegations of child sexual abuse reported to Jehovah's Witness elders in Australia since —each file for a different alleged perpetrator of child sexual abuse.

The "case study regarding the Jehovah's Witnesses showed that the organisation dealt with allegations of child sexual abuse in accordance with internal, scripturally based disciplinary policies and procedures.

Two million fall victim of child abuse in 2002

The commission was told: The organisation's retention and continued application of policies such as the two-witness rule in cases of child sexual abuse shows a serious lack of understanding of the nature of child sexual abuse.

The Watchtower Society paid an undisclosed amount without admitting wrongdoing in an out-of-court settlement with 16 unnamed victims of alleged sexual abuse. It held that the elders as agents of the Watch Tower Society failed to disclose to other parents regarding the confession of the molester who inappropriately touched his step daughter, adding that the degree of reprehensibility was of "medium range".

The Watchtower society appealed against the negligence verdict to the supreme court of California and the case was settled for an undisclosed amount during appeal. Witness elders were aware that Campos had confessed to the abuse of at least one other child inbut in they recommended Campos as an instructor to Lopez.

Campos moved to another congregation in and became an elder in Campos later confessed to abusing at least eight children between andand subsequently fled to Mexico.

The Watch Tower Society appealed the ruling. The Watchtower Society asserted that it had no access to more recent documents held by the Christian Congregation of Jehovah's Witnessesa separate subsidiary of the Watch Tower Society.

The elders became aware of the abuse in and announced that Stewart had been given a disciplinary reproof without specifying the reason.

The abuse ended only when Stewart was arrested for offenses against another child in The court held that the elders failed to adequately warn the members of the congregation about their knowledge of past abuse by Stewart.

Three corporations of Jehovah's Witnesses were named as defendants:The organisation's retention and continued application of policies such as the two-witness rule in cases of child sexual abuse shows a serious lack of understanding of the nature of child sexual abuse.".

Every year more than million referrals are made to child protection agencies involving more than million children (a referral can include multiple children). The United States has one of the worst records among industrialized nations – losing on average between four and seven children every day to child abuse and neglect.

Even though the problem of "granny battering" hit the news in as a result of congressional hearings, there is an abysmal absence of research into the neglect and abuse of elderly Americans, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Nov 17,  · 2 million children are victims of child sex trafficking each year across the globe. The number is staggering, and hard to believe. Every year more than million referrals are made to child protection agencies involving more than million children (a referral can include multiple children).

The United States has one of the worst records among industrialized nations – losing on average between four and seven children every day to child abuse and neglect.

In July the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Louisville paid $ million to "settle child sexual-abuse allegations made in lawsuits naming 34 priests and other church workers." In the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston also settled a large case for $85 million with alleged victims.

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